Mobile-first, Google doesn't measure the download speed of mobile pages
The launch of mobile-first index suggests that Google will take into account the download speed of mobile pages in the ranking. About this said the representative of the search John Mueller during the last hangout for webmasters.
Google currently takes into account only the speed of loading desktop pages in the ranking, including mobile.
After the announcement about the upcoming launch of mobile-first index among webmasters think that Google will switch the speed of loading the mobile pages. However, as it turned out, it is not in the immediate plans of search engine.
During the video one of the participants asked Mueller several questions:
Question: Will the speed of mobile website affect the ranking of the desktop?
Answer: currently, we do not take into consideration the speed of mobile website. We're still trying to figure out how best to implement. But now we do not consider this factor.
Question: You do not consider the speed in the mobile ranking, but take into account in the desktop?
Answer: No, we do not take into account the speed of mobile sites.
Question: But will after the transition to mobile-first index?
Answer: I don't think we can do it from the beginning. Although this is an important point. We'll probably have somewhere to clarify this more... But immediately after launch we will not be able to use the speed of mobile sites in the ranking as well as the speed of desktop. That's what we wanted to do in the long term, but not in the beginning.
Listen to questions to Muller and his answers to them, starting at 20:50 of the video below: